Ask yourself if the design of the wood grain and amount of character marks are important to you.
The grade of wood, within a wood species, is determined by the amount of natural characteristics, such as knots and color variations. The grades are:
- Clear—free of
“defects”, though there may be minor imperfections.
clear, but contains some natural characteristics.
- Common (number
1 and 2)—has more natural characteristics.
Number 1 common has light and dark colors, knots, and some worm
holes. Number 2 common is more rustic
and accentuates all the wood’s characteristics.
natural color variations and limited character marks.
not have a uniform appearance. The
variations depend on the characteristics of the wood species—such as knot
holes, colors, lines, speckled appearance, etc.
- Third (utility grade)—rustic
in appearance, with all the characteristics of the wood species.
Grain patterns vary between species and grades. You can have a very uniform creamy white appearance like a First Grade Maple or a wavy, irregular appearance of a #2 Common Hickory.
- Species and Hardness
Some species of wood are hard, some are soft. If you have a dog or kids, you may want to consider a harder wood species. If you like lots of character in wood, such as knots and wavy patterns, you may want to
There are 100’s of species of wood, both domestic and exotic, that span the spectrum of color options, hardness, and price ranges.